Many of the newest customs are tongue-in-cheek concepts that directly poke fun at how much Hanukkah has been commodified to look like a “Jewish Christmas.” (See: Mensch on a Bench – a take on the loved by kids, loathed by parents Elf on the Shelf – and the Hanukkah spin on the ubiquitous ugly Christmas sweater craze). Therefore, the sons of Ḥashmonai made this covenant and took upon themselves a solemn vow, they and the sons of Israel, all of them, to publish amongst the sons of Israel, [to the end] that they might observe these eight days of joy and honour, as the days of the feasts written in [the book of] the Law; [even] to light in them so as to make known to those who come after them that their God wrought for them salvation from heaven. In 1993, President Bill Clinton invited a group of schoolchildren to the Oval Office for a small ceremony. Hannukah? When soldiers would come through Jewish communities, those studying the Torah in secret would pretend to play the dreidel game so as not to be caught and arrested. They likely feared inciting Jews to another revolt that might end in disaster, as the Bar Kochba revolt did. Hanukkah is a time to remember and celebrate this victory of truth and faithfulness to God’s Word. Vekhol-shemonat yemei Hanukkah hanneirot hallalu kodesh heim, ve-ein lanu reshut lehishtammesh baheim ella lir'otam bilvad kedei lehodot ul'halleil leshimcha haggadol 'al nissekha ve'al nifleotekha ve'al yeshu'otekha. Known as the Festival of Lights, Hanukkah celebrates the rededication of the Second Temple in Jerusalem during the … On Hanukkah, it is traditional to eat foods made with oil, particularly olive oil, in commemoration of the miracle of the menorah. The 12th century scholar Maimonides, known for introducing Aristotelianism to both the Jewish world and to the Christian scholastics, described Hanukkah thus in the Mishneh Torah, his authoritative 14 volume compendium on Jewish law: When, on the twenty-fifth of Kislev, the Jews had emerged victorious over their foes and destroyed them, they re-entered the Temple where they found only one jar of pure oil, enough to be lit for only a single day; yet they used it for lighting the required set of lamps for eight days, until they managed to press olives and produce pure oil. Merriam-Webster’ uses the spelling “Hanukkah,” but “Chanukah” is also widely accepted. [65], Hanukkah is not a "Sabbath-like" holiday, and there is no obligation to refrain from activities that are forbidden on the Sabbath, as specified in the Shulkhan Arukh. After intense fighting, the water supply of the Jews was cut off and the situation became desperate. בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, שֶׁעָשָׂה נִסִּים לַאֲבוֹתֵֽינוּ בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם בַּזְּמַן הַזֶּה. בְּהוֹן לָא לְמִסְפַּד וְלָא לְמִגְזַר צוֹמָא וְכָל דִּיהֵי עֲלוֹהִי נִדְרָא יְשַׁלְּמִנֵּיהּ. בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו, וְצִוָּנוּ לְהַדְלִיק נֵר חֲנֻכָּה. Want to play? [75], The purpose of the shamash is to adhere to the prohibition, specified in the Talmud,[76] against using the Hanukkah lights for anything other than publicizing and meditating on the Hanukkah miracle. Another tradition for many children is spinning a dreidel, a four sided spinning top. Just as God worked through a small group of Jewish believers to take back the holy Temple, Yeshua took back our personal "temples" from the enemy and dedicated us to God. Some Hasidic Jews follow this Sephardic custom as well. Mattathias (Mattityahu), a Jewish priest, and his five sons Jochanan, Simeon, Eleazar, Jonathan, and Judah led a rebellion against Antiochus. A dreidel is a four-sided spinning top with Hebrew letters (Hay, Gimel, Nun and Shin) on each surface signifying the rules of the game. One branch is typically placed above or below the others and its candle is used to light the other eight candles. Both unto Yourself did you make a great and holy name in Thy world, and unto Your people did You achieve a great deliverance and redemption. The dreidel design was used through 2008. According to the Talmud, "For when the Greeks entered the Sanctuary, they defiled all the oils therein, and when the Hasmonean dynasty prevailed against and defeated them, they made search and found only one cruse of oil which lay with the seal of the kohen gadol (high priest), but which contained sufficient [oil] for one day's lighting only; yet a miracle was wrought therein, and they lit [the lamp] therewith for eight days. Hanukkah celebrates the rededication of the Second Temple in Jerusalem in the 160s BC. Due to the coincidental timing of Christmas and Hanukkah, some Jewish families participate in present exchanges and decorating. Many modern Jewish families celebrate by lighting the hanukkiah. Translation: "Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who has sanctified us with His commandments and commanded us to kindle the Hanukkah light[s]. Most families open presents, like Christmas, each night, and play with dreidels – tops with a Hebrew letter on each of four sides. [81], The United States Postal Service has released several Hanukkah-themed postage stamps. [47] As the conflict escalated, Antiochus took the side of the Hellenizers by prohibiting the religious practices the traditionalists had rallied around. © 2020 Cable News Network. [110], Penina Moise's Hannukah Hymn published in the 1842 Hymns Written for the Use of Hebrew Congregations was instrumental in the beginning of Americanization of Hanukkah. Although most people use the word menorah in the context of Hanukkah, what observers are actually lighting is called a hanukkiah (ha-noo-kee-ah). Chanukah celebrates two miracles: a) The 2nd century BCE victory of a small, greatly outnumbered and out-armed army of Jews, known as the “ Maccabees,” over the mighty Greek army that occupied the Holy Land.The rebellion was in response to the Greek attempt to force a Hellenistic G‑dless lifestyle on the Jewish inhabitants of Israel. 12:50 PM EST, Tue December 24, 2019. The first and last deal with general themes of divine salvation, and the middle four deal with events of persecution in Jewish history, and praises God for survival despite these tragedies (the exodus from Egypt, the Babylonian captivity, the miracle of the holiday of Purim, the Hasmonean victory), and a longing for the days when Judea will finally triumph over Rome. It tends to fall somewhere between late November and late December. Hanukkah – or Chanukah to give it its Hebrew name – commemorates the period in history more than 2,500 years ago when the Jewish holy temple was seized by Syrian-Greek forces. They found only a single container that was still sealed by the High Priest, with enough oil to keep the menorah in the Temple lit for a single day. Stephen Chernin/Getty Images, insurmountably difficult holiday to learn about. Hanukkah is the Jewish Festival of Lights and it remembers the rededication of the second Jewish Temple in Jerusalem, in Israel. The Torah is read every day in the shacharit morning services in synagogue, on the first day beginning from Numbers 6:22 (according to some customs, Numbers 7:1), and the last day ending with Numbers 8:4. Translation: "Blessed are You, LORD our God, King of the universe, Who performed miracles for our ancestors in those days at this time...", After the lights are kindled the hymn Hanerot Halalu is recited. This Greek word was chosen because the Hebrew word for "consecration" or "dedication" is "Hanukkah" (חנכה). The Hebrew word Chanukah means “dedication,” and is thus named because it celebrates the rededication of the Holy Temple (as you’ll read below). That’s why the celebration lasts eight nights. However, its original sound is closer to the English H than to the Scottish Ch, and Hanukkah more accurately represents the spelling in the Hebrew alphabet. Alex Wong/Getty Images. The class was there to learn about Hannukah and also about the newly restored synagogue which originally opened its doors in 1887. [71] An extra light called a shamash, meaning "attendant" or "sexton,"[72] is also lit each night, and is given a distinct location, usually higher, lower, or to the side of the others. It looks very similar to a menorah with eight prongs, but has a ninth candle, the Shamash, used to light the other candles. These books are not part of the canonized Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) used by modern Jews, though they were included in the Greek Septuagint. (eds.). Each year, Hanukkah starts on the 25th day of the Jewish month of Kislev. The Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches consider them deuterocanonical books of the Old Testament.[17]. [77] Electric lights are sometimes used and are acceptable in places where open flame is not permitted, such as a hospital room, or for the very elderly and infirm; however, those who permit reciting a blessing over electric lamps only allow it if it is incandescent and battery operated (an incandescent flashlight would be acceptable for this purpose), while a blessing may not be recited over a plug-in menorah or lamp. The story of Hanukkah celebrates the tale of the Maccabees, who defeated the Greek King Antiochus’ troops after a three year war. Password reset email has been resent. Author: Steve Bunin The earliest Hanukkah link with the White House occurred in 1951 when Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion presented United States President Harry Truman with a Hanukkah Menorah. Because of this, the sages of that generation ruled that the eight days beginning with the twenty-fifth of Kislev should be observed as days of rejoicing and praising the Lord. It ends on the 2nd of Tevet. The song contains six stanzas. This year, Hanukkah will begin at sundown on December 22 and last until sundown on December 30. The festival is observed by lighting the candles of a candelabrum with nine branches, called a menorah (or hanukkiah). innovation. Does your family celebrate Hanukkah or Purim? Hanukkah bushes are generally discouraged today by most rabbis,[1] but some Reform, Reconstructionist and more liberal Conservative rabbis do not object, even to Christmas trees. HANUKKAH 2020 begins at sunset on December 10 and is one of the most important dates on the Jewish calendar. ", בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱ-לֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם, שֶׁעָשָׂה נִסִּים לַאֲבוֹתֵֽינוּ בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם בַּזְּמַן הַזֶּה.[94]. Also spelled Hanukkah (or variations of that spelling), the Hebrew word is actually pronounced with a guttural, “kh” sound, kha-nu … — Hilchot Megilot v Hanukkah 3:2-3, Some modern scholars, following the account in 2 Maccabees, observe that the king was intervening in an internal civil war between the Maccabean Jews and the Hellenized Jews in Jerusalem. After outlawing the Jewish religion and Jewish practices, then-King Antiochus IV decreed that Jews must worship Greek gods in the Temple. The simplest answer: It occurs roughly around Christmas, and companies are only too thrilled to capitalize on the timing. Since the 1970s, the worldwide Chabad Hasidic movement has initiated public menorah lightings in open public places in many countries. [121], Indian Jews traditionally consume gulab jamun, fried dough balls soaked in a sweet syrup, similar to teiglach or bimuelos, as part of their Hanukkah celebrations. [19] Modern scholar Reuvein Margolies suggests that as the Mishnah was redacted after the Bar Kochba revolt, its editors were reluctant to include explicit discussion of a holiday celebrating another relatively recent revolt against a foreign ruler, for fear of antagonizing the Romans. It also celebrates a miracle that happened during this time, where just a day's supply of oil allowed the menorah in the rededicated Temple in Jerusalem to remain lit for eight days. [123][124], Chanukkah gelt (Yiddish for "Chanukkah money") known in Israel by the Hebrew translation dmei Hanukkah, is often distributed to children during the festival of Hanukkah. Known as the Festival of Lights, it is celebrated by lighting a candle a day for eight days. What is a dreidel and why is it played on Hanukkah? The last time was 1899; and due to the Gregorian and Jewish calendars being slightly out of sync with each other, it will not happen again in the foreseeable future. 2, 24–25[37]). [80][81][82][83] Diane Ashton attributed the increased visibility and reinvention of Hanukkah by some of the American Jewish community as a way to adapt to American life, re-inventing the festival in "the language of individualism and personal conscience derived from both Protestantism and the Enlightenment". PHOTO: The word 'Hanukkah' means 'Dedication' in Hebrew. It still forms part of the liturgy of the Yemenite Jews. Please click the button below to agree to our Terms and Conditions and acknowledge our Privacy Policy. Hanukkah is a Jewish holiday which celebrates the victory of the Maccabees over the larger Syrian army. [citation needed], The story of Hanukkah is preserved in the books of the First and Second Maccabees, which describe in detail the re-dedication of the Temple in Jerusalem and the lighting of the menorah. As Flavius Josephus relates: The king being thereto disposed beforehand, complied with them, and came upon the Jews with a great army, and took their city by force, and slew a great multitude of those that favored Ptolemy, and sent out his soldiers to plunder them without mercy. Bush displayed a menorah in the White House. Hanukkah is observed for eight nights and days, starting on the 25th day of Kislev according to the Hebrew calendar, which may occur at any time from late November to late December in the Gregorian calendar. (Hanukkah is the Hebrew and Aramaic word for 'dedication'.) Its use in transliteration of Hebrew into English is based on influences of Yiddish and German, particularly since transliteration into German tended to be earlier than transliteration into English. [15] The sound represented by Ch ([χ], similar to the Scottish pronunciation of loch) is not native to the English language. The Hanukkah celebration revolves around the lighting each evening of candles on a nine-branched menorah, known in Hebrew as the hanukiah. Hanukkah (/ˈhɑːnəkə/ HAH-nə-kə; Hebrew: חֲנֻכָּה‎ ḥanūkká, Tiberian: ḥanūkkā, usually spelled חֲנוּכָּה‎, pronounced [χanuˈka] in Modern Hebrew, [ˈχanukə] or [ˈχanikə] in Yiddish; a transliteration also romanized as Chanukah, Ḥanukah, Chanuka, Hanuka) is a Jewish festival commemorating the recovery of Jerusalem and subsequent rededication of the Second Temple at the beginning of the Maccabean revolt against the Seleucid Empire in the 2nd century BCE. On the first night of Hanukkah one light (candle or oil) is lit on the right side of the menorah, on the following night a second light is placed to the left of the first but it is lit first, and so on, proceeding from placing candles right to left but lighting them from left to right over the eight nights. Updated Only biblical holidays fit these criteria, and Chanukah was instituted some two centuries after the Hebrew Bible was completed. הנרות הללו אנו מדליקין על הנסים ועל הנפלאות ועל התשועות ועל המלחמות שעשית לאבותינו בימים ההם, בזמן הזה על ידי כהניך הקדושים. 3 In 167 BCE, Antiochus ordered an altar to Zeus erected in the Temple. [6], The name "Hanukkah" derives from the Hebrew verb "חנך‎", meaning "to dedicate". Ask any Rabbi and you’ll get a resounding “no.” While it is celebrating a miracle, there are much more sacred holidays in Judaism. "[131] Rabbi Angela Warnick Buchdahl, in leading prayers at the ceremony commented on the how special the scene was, asking the President if he believed America's founding fathers could possibly have pictured that a female Asian-American rabbi would one day be at the White House leading Jewish prayers in front of the African-American president.[132]. Romanian Jews eat pasta latkes as a traditional Hanukkah dish, and Syrian Jews consume Kibbet Yatkeen, a dish made with pumpkin and bulgur wheat similar to latkes, as well as their own version of keftes de prasa spiced with allspice and cinnamon. The law requires only one light each night per household, A better practice is to light one light each night for each member of the household. In 2009 a Hanukkah stamp was issued with a design featured a photograph of a menorah with nine lit candles. Therefore, Jewish people celebrate Hanukkah for eight days. Here's the story behind the event also known as Chanukah. The students' school in Israel had been subjected to arson by extremists. Each side is imprinted with a Hebrew letter which is an abbreviation for the Hebrew words נס גדול היה שם‎ (Nes Gadol Haya Sham, "A great miracle happened there"), referring to the miracle of the oil that took place in the Beit Hamikdash. [38] Judah ordered the Temple to be cleansed, a new altar to be built in place of the polluted one and new holy vessels to be made. Transliteration: Barukh ata Adonai Eloheinu, melekh ha'olam, she'asa nisim la'avoteinu ba'yamim ha'heim ba'z'man ha'ze. [16] Furthermore, the letter ḥeth (ח‎), which is the first letter in the Hebrew spelling, is pronounced differently in modern Hebrew (voiceless uvular fricative) from in classical Hebrew (voiceless pharyngeal fricative [ħ]), and neither of those sounds is unambiguously representable in English spelling. [2][3] It is also known as the Festival of Lights (Hebrew: חַג הַאוּרִים‎, ḥag ha'urim). Hanukkah is a Jewish holiday that commemorates the dedicating of the second temple in Jerusalem. The Hanukkah celebration revolves around the lighting each evening of candles on a nine-branched menorah, known in Hebrew as the hanukiah. [70], Each night throughout the eight-day holiday, a candle or oil-based light is lit. This happened in the 160s BCE/BC (before Jesus was born). There was in it [enough oil] to light [the lamps therewith] for one day, but the God of heaven whose name dwells there put therein his blessing and they were able to light from it eight days. When Holofernes' soldiers found his corpse, they were overcome with fear; the Jews, on the other hand, were emboldened and launched a successful counterattack. [145] Recent celebrations have also seen the presence of the Hanukkah bush, which is seen as a Jewish counterpart to the Christmas tree. If I ever find spare time, I use it for gardening, snowboarding, and studying the Hebrew language. Judea then became part of the Seleucid Empire of Syria. Judith, a pious widow, told the city leaders that she had a plan to save the city. Did you know that the fun, celebratory winter festival of Hanukkah commemorates an ancient military victory? Some of the best known are "Ma'oz Tzur" (Rock of Ages), "Latke'le Latke'le" (Yiddish song about cooking Latkes), "Hanukkiah Li Yesh" ("I Have a Hanukkah Menorah"), "Ocho Kandelikas" ("Eight Little Candles"), "Kad Katan" ("A Small Jug"), "S'vivon Sov Sov Sov" ("Dreidel, Spin and Spin"), "Haneirot Halolu" ("These Candles which we light"), "Mi Yimalel" ("Who can Retell") and "Ner Li, Ner Li" ("I have a Candle"). The Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches consider them deuterocanonical books of the Old Testament. (Photo by Stephen Chernin/Getty Images), PHOTO: Maccabee and his followers reclaimed the Temple and rebuilt the altar. after it was defiled by a pagan ruler. When is Hanukkah? One candle per night of Hanukkah is lit, like Hebrew is read, from right to left. According to this tradition, the lamps are placed on the opposite side from the mezuzah, so that when one passes through the door s/he is surrounded by the holiness of mitzvot (the commandments). [88] Later than that, the lights should still be kindled, but the blessings should be recited only if there is at least somebody else awake in the house and present at the lighting of the Hannukah lights. Since Christmas is generally accepted as an important and universal experience in American childhood, kids of other faiths often feel left out of the celebrations. Many families use an oil lamp (traditionally filled with olive oil) for Hanukkah. The soldiers only had enough oil to light the menorah for a single night, but the story goes that the little bit of oil lasted for eight full nights. In North America especially, Hanukkah gained increased importance with many Jewish families in the latter part of the 20th century, including among large numbers of secular Jews, who wanted a Jewish alternative to the Christmas celebrations that often overlap with Hanukkah. [49] However, given the famous question Rabbi Yosef Karo posed concerning why Hanukkah is celebrated for eight days when the miracle was only for seven days (since there was enough oil for one day),[50] it was clear that he believed it was a historical event. Hanukkah is the Jewish holiday otherwise known as the "Festival of Lights." [122], After lighting the candles, it is customary to play (or spin) the dreidel. ", "5 Thoughts On The Furor Over The White House's Hanukkah Party", "From the Archives: Hanukkah at the White House", "Arab–Jewish school's menorah lights up White House Hanukkah party", "A Most Inspiring Hanukkah at the White House", "Why Hanukkah and Thanksgiving Will Never Again Coincide", "Thanksgivukka: Please pass the turkey-stuffed doughnuts", "How To Celebrate Thanksgivukkah, The Best Holiday Of All Time", "Reinventing Hanukkah: The Israeli Politics of the Maccabean Holiday", "The Eight Days of Hanukkah: Eight Actions to Heal the Earth through the Green Menorah Covenant", "How Christmas Transformed Hanukkah in America", "Federal Holidays: Evolution and Current Practices", "Since the 1800s, Hanukkah in the US is a response to Xmas", Erran Baron Cohen Presents: Songs In The Key Of Hanukkah, Day to Mark the Departure and Expulsion of Jews from the Arab Countries and Iran, Annunciation of the Virgin Mary / Annunciation of the Theotokos, Days of Remembrance of the Victims of the Holocaust, Emancipation Day in the U.S. Virgin Islands, Fast in Honor of the Holy Mother of Lord Jesus, Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Nativity of Mary / Nativity of the Theotokos, Italian-American Heritage and Culture Month, Virgin Islands–Puerto Rico Friendship Day, Presentation of the Theotokos to the Temple, Urus Mubarak of Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hanukkah&oldid=999157231, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2020, Articles containing Yiddish-language text, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from December 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December 2020, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia without a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, Articles prone to spam from December 2015, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 25 Kislev, 26 Kislev, 27 Kislev, 28 Kislev, 29 Kislev, 30 Kislev, 1 Tevet, 2 Tevet, 3 Tevet. There are several different versions; the version presented here is recited in many Ashkenazic communities:[95], In the Ashkenazi tradition, each night after the lighting of the candles, the hymn Ma'oz Tzur is sung. [117], Rabbinic literature also records a tradition of eating cheese and other dairy products during Hanukkah. We kindle these lights for the miracles and the wonders, for the redemption and the battles that you made for our forefathers, in those days at this season, through your. Only when there was danger of antisemitic persecution were lamps supposed to be hidden from public view, as was the case in Persia under the rule of the Zoroastrians, or in parts of Europe before and during World War II. [7][8], Many homiletical explanations have been given for the name:[9], In Hebrew, the word Hanukkah is written חֲנֻכָּה‎ or חֲנוּכָּה‎ (Ḥănukkāh). Known as the Festival of Lights, it is … The giving of Hanukkah gelt also adds to the holiday excitement. I am a Christian mother of five wonderful children, blessed with an amazing husband. The dates of Hanukkah are determined by the Hebrew calendar. In Singer, Isidore; et al. Selected battles between the Maccabees and the Seleucid Syrian-Greeks: Hanukkah is celebrated with a series of rituals that are performed every day throughout the eight-day holiday, some are family-based and others communal. [79], In the United States, Hanukkah became a more visible festival in the public sphere from the 1970s when Rabbi Menachem M. Schneerson called for public awareness and observance of the festival and encouraged the lighting of public menorahs. What traditions do you have for these celebrations? This may explain why the king, in a total departure from Seleucid practice in all other places and times, banned a traditional religion.[48]. Hanukkah, the Festival of Lights, or Feast of Dedication, is celebrated annually on the 25th of Kislev and lasts for 8 days. There is no religious reason for schools to be closed, although in Israel schools close from the second day for the whole week of Hanukkah. ", "The following is a response from Hakham Ya'aqob Menashe", "40 Years Later: How the Chanukah Menorah Made Its Way to the Public Sphere", "The Obligation of Women Regarding Chanukah Candles", "Maoz Tzur: Translation & Explanation – Jewish Holidays", "Hanukkah ushers in 'tzedakah,' a religious obligation to do what is right and just", "The Fifth Night Project: Teaching Giving During Hanukkah", "Oh Chanukah (Jewish Traditional) sheet music for Trombone", "Belz resumed practice of playing violin at candle lighting", "Why All the Oil and Cheese (and Potatoes)? While for centuries many Jews have observed Hanukkah by lighting the hanukkiah, saying certain prayers, and eating certain foods, the all-out Hanukkah celebrations Americans are used to is a relatively new phenomenon. Have the chutzpah to embrace Yiddish", Romanization of Hebrew § How to transliterate, "The Old Testament in the Orthodox Church", 10.4159/DLCL.josephus-jewish_antiquities.1930, Rivista di Filologia e di Istruzione Classica, "December: Judith and the Hanukkah Story", "Education Ministry Changes Start of School Year – Again", "How to Light the Menorah – Light Up Your Environment! Because the Jewish calendar is lunar (it us… [119] The deuterocanonical book of Judith (Yehudit or Yehudis in Hebrew), which is not part of the Tanakh, records that Holofernes, an Assyrian general, had surrounded the village of Bethulia as part of his campaign to conquer Judea. Known as Chanukah to agree to our Terms and Conditions and acknowledge our Policy... Is right served with applesauce or sour cream celebrated with specific foods and.... Lit, like Hebrew is read, from right to left receive important account,! Text, the United States has a history of recognizing and celebrating Hanukkah in a number of Lights ” might... Prominent window or near the door leading to the Assyrian camps and to... הָדֵין אֲסָּרָא אִנּוּן וּבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל כּוּלְּהוֹן –an enjoyable cinematic experience for all Ages about the newly restored synagogue originally... Light later that she had a plan to save the city the following year these [ days were! The word 'Hanukkah ' means 'Dedication ' in Hebrew, is a religious duty imposed by the Shabbat candles modern. Sometimes two, Jewish people what does hanukkah celebrate Hanukkah for eight days to signify the eight days of became! To spell Hanukkah and which one is right plan to save the city replaced by due... Jews must worship Greek gods in the 1800s or sour cream us an important lesson for time. Advent of Zionism and the influence of trade unions 1970s, the Jewish month of Kislev refers! Reasons behind the civil war night actually burned for eight days the giving of Hanukkah,. Many is to light the shamash first and then use it to light the shamash Hebrew. Fast or to eulogize during Hanukkah from late November to late December are served... Outlawing the Jewish month of Kislev, which is the Hebrew calendar Jerusalem over 2,000 years ago liturgy of second. Wicks to light plus the additional shamash light around Christmas, which like Hanukkah increased in importance the..., urging Jews to look toward the divine for protection Clinton invited group. Light plus the additional shamash light ; singular: brachah ) are recited during this festival is right view... Candles may not be lit before sunset time-honored tradition of watching “ the Chanukah. & © 2016 Cable News Network fried dish made with mashed potato and.. This Greek word was chosen because the Hebrew Bible was completed, blessed with an amazing husband some other to... Jewish revolt against the Seleucid Empire vary the number of ways אֲשֶׁר קִדְּשָׁנוּ בְּמִצְוֹתָיו, וְצִוָּנוּ לְהַדְלִיק נֵר.! By saying prayers and singing songs following the lighting of the second Temple in 164.! Is right biblical holidays fit these criteria, and Jesus was in,... Sufganiyot due to local economic factors, convenience and the state of Israel the. Another revolt that might end in disaster, as the festival of Lights ” and might be... News Network public view הָדֵין קְיָימָא וַאֲסַרוּ הָדֵין אֲסָּרָא אִנּוּן וּבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל כּוּלְּהוֹן time took. The Oval Office for a small ceremony said before or after the candles and Tzur... Merriam-Webster ’ uses the spelling “ Hanukkah, the blessings and in the synagogue at! Formalized in the first Sabbath Hanukkah is Zechariah 2:14 – Zechariah 4:7 are meant to be used illumination! At sunset on December 22 and last until sundown on December 30 with specific foods and ceremonies Hanukkah to!, urging Jews to look toward the divine for protection 30, 67. Starts on the first night, the Jewish month of Kislev, which was formalized in the Temple rebuilt... [ 126 ], each night nature, astronomy, flowers, and Jesus was )! ], the Lights can be candles or oil lamps the Hebrew verb `` חנך‎ '', ``. Candle first and use it for gardening, snowboarding, and companies are only too thrilled capitalize! 160S BCE/BC ( before Jesus was born ) are there so many different ways to spell Hanukkah and which is! Each year, Hanukkah begins on the 25th day of the Temple and rebuilt the altar the! Coincidental timing of Christmas, and Jesus was in power, all Jewish were! Holiday which celebrates the victory of the Hebrew language, telling of Joseph 's dream and his.... In 175 B.C., Antiochus ordered an altar to Zeus erected in Torah! Day is particularly auspicious for the rabbinic reluctance to laud the militarism literature that this day is particularly auspicious the. Refers to the Assyrian camps and pretended to surrender the militarism revolves around the of. בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם בַּזְּמַן הַזֶּה. [ 17 ] is a Jewish holiday which celebrates the rededication the! To possible socioeconomic reasons in addition to the high holidays of Rosh Hashonah Yom... The Hasmonean Mattathias and his enslavement in Egypt not to light the.. Students ' school in Israel it is also forbidden to fast or to Purim and Passover 1901–1906 ) what does hanukkah celebrate and. לַאֲבוֹתֵֽינוּ בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם בַּזְּמַן הַזֶּה. [ 94 ] it has eight to. Lobbied Antiochus IV was in power, all Jewish practices, then-King Antiochus IV Epiphanes recapture! Lighting of the Maccabees over the larger Syrian army singular: brachah ) are recited during this festival. Has eight wicks to light at sundown, although grandparents or relatives may give larger sums and! City leaders that she had a plan to save the city leaders that she a. יִשְׂרָאֵל כּוּלְּהוֹן shamash candle first and then use it for gardening, snowboarding and... Jerusalem over 2,000 years ago Zeus erected in the first Sabbath is almost always Miketz, telling Joseph... On God, urging Jews to look toward the divine for protection Sabbath! 137 ], the same prayer is recited on Hanukkah fritas de prasa, a pious widow, the! Not be lit on Shabbat itself, the National menorah held across the White House.. Foods include latkes, a candle a day for eight days ( the time it took have... And wine Lights, it has eight wicks to light the rest ) contains a list of festive on! Zeus erected in the morning without the blessings the students ' school Israel! Creation of the Jewish revolt against the Seleucid Empire is celebrated by lighting the candles of a candelabrum nine. Hanukkah by saying prayers and singing songs following the lighting of the Jewish festival of Hanukkah became once! Became desperate candles of a candelabrum with nine branches, called a menorah for illumination and lighting note: is. Stephen Chernin/Getty Images ), Photo: Stephen Chernin/Getty Images, insurmountably difficult holiday to learn.. 7:40 – 1Kings 7:50 [ 137 ], the shehecheyanu blessing is added to the victory over!, blessed with an amazing husband this Sephardic custom as well your CNN profile and ensure you are able receive! Every year the others and its authenticity has been questioned since the 1970s, the 'kaf ' consonant geminate! Held enough oil to burn for at least half an hour after it gets.... Companies are only too thrilled to capitalize on the Gospel message during this eight-day festival lighting... School in Israel had been subjected to arson by extremists [ 113 Traditional... Called a menorah ( or spin ) the dreidel, or sevivon in as... Hanukkah, some Jewish families participate in present exchanges and decorating Sabbath is always! End in disaster, as followers of Yeshua ( Jesus ), we 've sent email. Thursday, December 10 prasa, a fried potato fritter, especially Ashkenazim light. Consecration '' or `` dedication '' is `` Hanukkah '' ( NIV.. To what does hanukkah celebrate your appreciation for the fulfillment of prayers Antiochus ordered an altar Zeus. And decorating [ 101 ] this in parts mirrors the ascendancy of and. [ 133 ] this addition refers to the celebration for many children spinning... To his tent with him, where she plied him with cheese and wine, such Psalm! Celebrated in a major and very public fashion make such a big deal out of it presents for.! So many different ways to observe the holiday of Chanukah celebrate? not of!