In studies, borax was just as effective as commercial mold-removing products in getting rid of the organisms. The effect of breathing in borax powder can be even worse for smokers. Wash your hands well thoroughly before eating, drinking, putting on makeup, applying cosmetics or using the toilet after using borax. Borax and potassium sulfate can be added to the gypsum to modify the setting speed. In many cases, the dangers associated with borax are connected with long-term use or prolonged exposure to undiluted substances. You can find out about more natural alternatives to bleach to help keep your home smelling and looking clean and fresh. Borax powder is also a popular ingredient for making slime that children love playing with. © 2005 - 2019 WebMD LLC. A diluted solution of borax (like the above 20 mule team product NOT ANY form of boric acid) can be a very inexpensive way to supplement with boron — of course you can also just buy supplements with this mineral. Many people know borax as a … Boric acid kills insects by targeting their stomachs and nervous systems. When you look at one conventional alternative to natural laundry powder – detergent capsules – there were reports of 1,500 cases of poisoning from detergent capsules in three years . (12). The studies between areas where boron is rich in the soil and consequently foods grown in that soil and the general lack of arthritis VS areas where this mineral is largely absent from the soil is very compelling. Bare Essentials Borax is a mineral substance that can be used as a multipurpose cleaner, stain remover and deodoriser; perfect for use through out your home Disclaimer: Woolworths provides general product information such as nutritional information, country of origin and … To use borax as a cleaning product or to get rid of roaches from your home, here are some safety tips: Borax poisoning in humans can cause serious consequences and even be fatal. Both borax and boric acid are boron compounds; however, they have a different chemical structure. What about borax? (1) I have been taking it for a month now, with no side effects. Although borax is a natural product, it doesn’t mean that there are no side effects associated with it. Ingesting large amounts of raw vinegar is not good for you. What is Borax and is it Safe to Use? Consider asbestos or mercury. You should use the same precautions with borax as you would with your regular washing powder. Borax is a critical boron compound that has the chemical formula we have looked above. Borax, of the mule team variety, is sodium tetraborate or sodium borate (to get all official for a second) and NOT boric acid (hydrogen borate).Sodium tetraborate (hereafter referred to as borax) is a Borax is a naturally-occurring white mineral that is used for cleaning, getting rid of bugs, and adding to laundry detergent. Basically, the addition of hydrogen or another acid to borax creates the compound boric acid or hydrogen borate (H3BO3). Borax is often used as a natural insecticide agent to get rid of ants, roaches, spiders, and other insects. Boric acid is made from processing and refining borax. A brief history of borax. Borax, also known as sodium borate, sodium tetraborate or disodium tetraborate, is a naturally occurring mineral that is used in many commercial cleaning products. Scientists have been studying whether the compounds in borax might help your body fight conditions like
Clean your carpets as normal. The researchers concluded that citrus juices have great potential in curbing unwanted microbial growth. Even ingesting a teaspoon of boric acid could be fatal for infants. Add 1 tablespoon of borax, 2 tablespoons of Castile liquid soap, and a ¼ cup of white vinegar. Also, essential oils are good for your health, but you should only use them sparingly and never apply them undiluted to your skin. For example, there are adverse effects associated with many natural products that we use daily. (13, 14). arthritis or osteoporosis, but more research is needed to know if or how they might work. Borax is a powdery white substance, also known as sodium borate, sodium tetraborate, or disodium tetraborate. If you're around it often, it can cause rashes and might affect male reproductive organs. Spray ½ a cup of white vinegar over the borax and leave overnight. Remove contaminated clothing. Wash your clothes as normal. Borax is most famous as a laundry washing powder. After being traded along the Silk Road for 500 years, Borax was discovered in Death Valley during the 1880s, and Borax magnate F.M. Here are some ideas: Use borax as a toilet cleaner. One of the health concerns is the adverse effects that borax could have on young children. Leave the surface to dry completely. It is one of the most important boron compounds. It may take as little as 5 to 10 grams of borax to cause death in a child. Borax is extremely alkaline (pH of around 9.5), which creates a basic solution that can help fight acidic stains (like tomato or mustard) when dissolved in water and used as a pre-treating solution. Many slime products and homemade slime for kids use borax in the ingredients. Despite the fact that borax is generally safe to use, you may want to look for safer, less toxic alternatives to borax. (3), Another study found that using borax (sodium tetraborate) in baits can help to control roach population numbers. Borax has powerful antifungal properties. To make your own non-toxic, all-purpose surface cleaner, fill a spray bottle 1/3 full with white vinegar. Borax, also called sodium tetraborate, is a powdery white mineral that has been used as a cleaning product for several decades. Along with other household stuff, it is also a successful window cleaner. (10), Other studies have shown that even short-term exposure to sodium borate dust can negatively affect lung health. Retarder. From removing mildew to rug stains, here are 19 ways to use borax around the house. Borax is a compound consisting of an elementary substance called boron, united to oxygen and soda. Borax is the common name for the chemical sodium tetraborate. This post breaks down everything you need to know about Broax really well. Borax "cottonball" A bórax előfordulása az időszakos tavak helyén levő evaporit -lelőhelyeken a legvalószínűbb. However, the word borax can refer to different compounds which look … (15). Boric acid and borax are used to kill off insects because they are toxic for bugs but pose relatively few dangers for mammals. While there are no studies on the hormonal effects on humans of ingesting borax, there is certainly no reason to drink or ingest borax. Powdered borax is white, consisting of soft colorless crystals that dissolve in water. The next morning, thoroughly clean the toilet bowl with a brush to get rid of any grime or deposits. Borax, or sodium borate, is an alkaline mineral salt with a powdery white appearance. Borax is a natural mineral with a chemical formula Na 2 B 4 O 7 • 10H 2 O. Borax also is known as sodium borate, sodium tetraborate, or disodium tetraborate. Keep borax and boric acid away from pets and children. Both borax and boric acid in loose powder form can be harmful if swallowed, particularly for children. (It has cured "shot-shyness" in sporting dogs.) In this article, you will find out if borax powder is safe to use around the home. The key difference between borax and baking soda is that the borax is a sodium borate that appears as a white solid whereas the baking soda is a sodium bicarbonate that appears as white crystals.. Borax is a term that describes a class of chemical compounds that include hydrated and anhydrous sodium borate. Workers in borax factories commonly suffer from lung irritation, dryness of the mouth, throat, coughing, and chest tightness. According to the National Library of Medicine, breathing in borax dust can cause irritation to the respiratory tract and other mucous membranes. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Wash your hands after using borax and rinse your skin if any powder comes into contact with it. Is borax safe to use around the home without risk to your health? WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It's banned in U.S. food products. The grainy texture of baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) is good for scouring away sticky grime and grease from surfaces. “Borax” Smith was quick to capitalize on the opportunity. Reports indicate that infants are more sensitive to the effects of boron products than adults are. (5). Tips: BORed (being slow) rhymes with BORax. lemon water has a number of health benefits, Top 8 Natural Bleach Alternatives & DIY Household Cleaner Recipes, Food Grade Hydrogen Peroxide: Uses, Dangers and More, 10 Cancer Causing Products to Remove From Your Home. Borax een zout van boorzuur. Many parents make non-toxic slime at home by substituting other products for borax. Borax, or Sodium Tetraborate (Na2B4O7 • 10H2O), is made up of sodium, oxygen and boron. In case of contact, flush your skin and eyes (for at least 15 minutes) with water for at least 15 minutes. The side effects of borax may also affect children more than adults. Borax. Pour in 1 cup of distilled vinegar to the last rinse cycle to help soften clothes and get rid of smells. However, that doesn’t mean that it is not safe to use. One of the ways that children could be exposed to low levels of borax is with slime. You can also use vinegar in your laundry to help brighten your clothes and get rid of offensive odors. Mix 1 cup of borax with a gallon of water. Borax formula, also known as sodium borate formula, sodium tetraborate formula or disodium tetraborate formula is explained in this article. Borax is also used in the manufacture of fire retardants, antiseptics, and fungicides. Getty. There is a group on Facebook that uses borax for curing arthritis, and lots of other diseases. Add 20 drops of tea tree oil to help make your spray antibacterial. Before 2000, borax was a common household item, a popular, effective cleaning product. Studies have shown that citrus juice from lemons or limes has antimicrobial properties. : “Antimicrobial Activity of Home Disinfectants and Natural Products Against Potential Human Pathogens”, David Suzuki Foundation: “Is borax safe?”, Morton, J. (4). 8H 2 O (oktahydrát tetraboritanu sodného), je jednoklonný minerál. Chief among them are: (1) Sensitiveness to sudden noises, as a distant shot, which causes violent starting. Borax (also known as boron, sodium borate, or sodium tetraborate) is a mineral found in nature. It’s even become popular as an ingredient for homemade slime recipes! So, it is important to keep borax in sealed containers out of reach of children to prevent accidental injury. Stating the benefits of taking it. The acid form works well for insects and for mold but is poisonous and should NOT be taken internally. The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) name for borax is sodium tetraborate decahydrate. This is a risk that could expose children to borax poisoning. One study involving male rats found that adding borax to their diet resulted in testicular atrophy and caused infertility. It is also good for osteoporosis. Lemons are not only good for cleaning grease, germs, and making surfaces smell fresh, but drinking lemon water has a number of health benefits. Borax is used in household cleaning products to kill off germs and disinfect surfaces. Vinegar is a good borax alternative because it helps kill germs without harming humans or pets. Powdered borax consists of soft white crystals that dissolve in water. many folks are proponents of cooking down borax to help it stick to the metal. Borax is a retarder; Potassium sulfate is an accelerator; Borax is also used as a retarder in other materials such as concrete. Borates bonds with other … Borax has some very peculiar symptoms which will serve as keynotes to many cases. It’s a combination of boron, sodium, and oxygen. If borax powder gets in your eyes or on your skin. Answer: (A). Scientists say that mold in homes can be a result of dampness and poor ventilation. But while borax is commonly used in cleaning, boric acid is mainly used as a pesticide. It is an ingredient of many detergents, cosmetics, and enamel glazes. One of the most common ways to use borax safely is to keep your home free from creepy crawlies. Borax in its insecticide formulations doesn't kill all insects. It is sold in powder form and has a consistency that's similar to powdered laundry detergent. Use borax as a surface cleaner. Borax acts as a germicidal cleanser, and many products use 20% borax in their solutions. The results of the study showed that boric acid was more effective than borax in killing cockroaches. Factories use it as a fire retardant, and to kill fungi that can harm the human body. Borax and borate products are used to make glass, fire retardants, insecticides, and added as a laundry bleach to detergents. It is also used to make buffer solutions in biochemistry. Being exposed to mold, fungi, and other pathogens can cause severe illnesses. I take 1/4 tsp in 1 litre of purified water, and drink throughout the day. You can usually find borax in the laundry aisle at the supermarket as it is sold as a laundry additive to help clothes come out white. Mix 3 parts borax with 1-part sugar. Mold can cause respiratory problems, skin irritation, and lead to lung infections. Use a scouring pad to easily remove grease, grime, germs, and stains from kitchen surfaces. The key difference between boron and borax is that the boron is a chemical element whereas the borax is a chemical compound. For more ideas on how to use baking soda, please see my article on the many household uses of baking soda. Borax is a skin irritant and can cause gastrointestinal upset if swallowed. Use a scrubbing brush to remove the mold off the surface and wipe away any debris or mold particles. Some studies have shown that baking soda has antimicrobial properties that make it a great natural cleansing agent. If you use borax as a laundry booster, thoroughly rinse clothes afterward before you dry and wear them. Borax is a powdery white substance, also known as sodium borate, sodium tetraborate, or disodium tetraborate.It’s widely used as a household cleaner and a booster for laundry detergent. Even though borax is generally non-toxic to humans and can be safely used around the home, you still have to take some precautions when using it. Wanneer borax wordt verwerkt, het gezuiverde chemische stof die resulteert boorzuur (H 3 BO 3). Scientists found that cleaning surfaces with vinegar solutions can help to even get rid of disinfectant-resistant bacteria. To use baking soda as a natural household cleaner, make a thick paste with the powder and a little water. Borax is not a cancer-causing chemical as it is not listed as a carcinogenic substance. For more info, join the group on fb, or use DuckDuckGo to look up benefits. The British Journal of Industrial Medicine reported that borax dust can cause a number of respiratory issues. This results in a chemical that is more toxic than borax. Borax is a soft, colourless compound of Boron and can be dissolved in water. (5). It’s widely used as a household cleaner and a booster for laundry detergent. National Library of Medicine, Toxicology Data Network: “Borax.”, National Park Service: “Mining in Death Valley.”, 20 Mule Team Borax: “Laundry uses,” "Borates in Personal Care Products.”, National Pesticide Information Center: “Boric Acid.”, Boy’s Life: “How to Make Slime With Glue and Borax.”, Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine: “Growing Evidence for Human Health Benefits of Boron.”, Journal of Trace Elements in Medical Biology: “In vivo and in vitro effects of boron and boronated compounds.”, Environmental Health Perspectives: “Essentiality of boron for healthy bones and joints.”, International Program on Chemical Safety: “Sodium borate.”, Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology: “The adjuvant use of calcium fructoborate and borax with etanercept in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: Pilot study.”, Arthritis Foundation: “Osteoporosis Self-Care.”, Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Borax is a compound made from the naturally occurring mineral Boron which has been used for a variety of purposes by humans across the globe. At Healthy and Natural World, our mission is to empower people to take control of their own health by providing comprehensive, practical and well researched information. There have been reported cases that consuming between 15 to 20 grams would be enough to kill an adult. The journal mBio reported that acetic acid in regular vinegar has antibacterial properties and act as a disinfectant. Use gloves when handling borax powder and avoid breathing in any of the dust particles. It is best to avoid areas where children play or pets can come into contact with it. You can also add a few drops of your favorite essential oil to add a pleasant scent. Learn more about the dangers of mold and how to spot signs of mold-related illnesses. Rinse with warm water and get a clean and shining sink in no time. You can usually find boxes of borax in the laundry detergent aisle at your supermarket. But “natural” doesn’t mean “harmless”. Borax is commonly used in natural laundry powders. The journal Reproductive Toxicology reports that borax and boric acid can be found in drinking water, fruits and vegetables, household products, and insecticides. You can also buy borax in hardware stores, grocery stores, and health food stores. Your email address will not be published. The compound has several uses, although it is most commonly found in multi-purpose cleaning products, cosmetics, and homemade slime. Scrub the stains on the sink using a cloth or sponge dipped in this paste. (11). 11. Borax makes a natural cleaner, free of harsh chemicals. Borax can help to soften water, deodorize clothes, and acts as a bleaching agent in washing. Lots of info about the good it does the body. The boron, salt, and/or oxygen of boron inhibit the metabolic processes of many organisms. Ilyen található többek között Törökországban , Kaliforniában … Borax is often found in dry lake beds in places like California’s Death Valley, where the water evaporated and left behind deposits of minerals. Use the spray to clean and deodorize surfaces every day. Borax (also known as sodium borate) is a naturally-occurring mineral found in soil, plants, and even our own bodies. Your email address will not be published. One of the best all-purpose cleaning powders to use as a substitute for borax in your home is baking soda. Use to disinfect surfaces as you would a traditional surface cleaner. It’s a white powder that’s used in a range of products. Borax can cause nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea if you ingest it by itself, and large amounts can lead to shock and kidney failure. Sodium borate is a pesticide, whitening and disinfecting agent, emulsifier, thickener, mold remover and odor neutralizer. I think a lot of the concerns about Broax come from its name – it sounds like something you should be worried about. Add a ½ a cup of borax for every gallon of water in your carpet-cleaning machine to help remove stains and smells from your carpets. Call Poison Control and other emergency services, if needed. Borax has many uses. Although the names boron and borax sound nearly similar, they are different from each other according to the chemical nature. It does kill ants, cockroaches, mites and spiders, among other insects, and it can also kill algae, molds and fungi. It’s a naturally occurring element. The Real Facts About Borax and Its Many Uses, Jenny Hills, Nutritionist and Medical Writer. Borax is so amazing. Like borax, baking soda is an alkaline powder that has powerful cleaning properties. If you used borax to clean surfaces, thoroughly rinse the area with water after washing with borax. It … Borax has the advantages of helping to treat hard water and also removing stains from clothes. One of the ways to keep your home safe from potentially dangerous pathogens is to use borax to clean away mold. Top up with water and add a little dish soap. If you are looking to make your own antimicrobial surface spray with a borax substitute, then you can use lemon juice. (16). Required fields are marked *. And anything that has “acid” in the name always makes me think twice about using it. (1). Název pochází z arabského buraq – bílý. Lemon and lime juice concentrations were useful for inhibiting the growth of various bacterial and fungal pathogens. Borax is described as a borate-mineral concentrate that has a number of uses in heavy industry and around the home. I think I might use it to get rid of insects. Despite the fact that borax is completely natural, many people wonder if borax is safe to use around the home. Borax is used in everything from toothpaste and cosmetics to laundry boosters and dishwasher detergents. The National Library of Medicine says that one of the many uses for borax is as a cleaning agent. What are some of the best non-toxic cleaners for your home that don’t include borax in the recipes? But while borax is commonly used in cleaning, b, Scientists have been studying whether the compounds in borax might help your body fight conditions like, Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, Smart Grocery Shopping When You Have Diabetes, Surprising Things You Didn't Know About Dogs and Cats, Coronavirus in Context: Interviews With Experts, Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter, The Salt Solution: Benefits of a Lower Sodium Diet, Diet Myth or Truth: I Don't Need to Worry About Sodium, 10 Most Tempting Salty Foods: French Fries, Pretzels, Pasta Sauce, and More. Fill a spray bottle half full with hot water. Apply the insecticide under sinks, in dark places and along baseboards where you have noticed signs of roaches. A report on safety precautions when using borax and other borate-compounds said that borax has been used in laundry detergents since the early 1900s. (8). All rights reserved. This characteristic allows borax to disinfect and kill unwanted pests. Borax is a white powdery substance that is also called sodium borate, sodium tetraborate, or disodium tetraborate. Borax is described as a borate-mineral concentrate that has a number of uses in heavy industry and around the home. In my twenties, I learned to use it as an ingredient in homemade laundry detergent. Moreover, borax is a compound containing boron, and it is a mineral.. They can also irritate your skin. There is a huge difference between regular (unscented) borax laundry supplement (20 mule team) and boric acid. It has many uses: It … Use borax to clean the windows. Borax, or sodium borate, is an alkaline mineral salt. Dřívější název tinkal pochází ze středověku, kdy byl borax do Evropy dovážen z Tibetu. Do you see the image? It is a salt of boric acid. Fruits of Warm Climates, Julia F. Morton, 1987 “Lemon p. 160 - 168”. Sprinkle a cup of borax in your toilet bowl and around its rim before you go to bed. Boric acid is created from the mixture of borax with other naturally occurring minerals such as boracite and colemanite. It also can irritate your skin and eyes, and it can hurt your nose, throat, and lungs if you breathe it in. Use borax to clean carpets. (5). Many people use borax around the home because it is natural and doesn’t contain phosphates, chemicals, or chlorine. You might also see it being suggested as a “natural” alternative for dealing with a flea infestation. How can you use borax around the home to keep your home clean, free from insects, and use it in your laundry? De natuurlijke mineralen, gewonnen uit de grond of vanuit verdampte afzettingen, heet borax. According to studies, using boric acid is inexpensive, and effective insecticide to control bug populations. Borax has many uses throughout the home. It's safe to mix with chlorine bleach and detergents and has been proven to enhance their cleaning power. (5, 9). You will learn about ways that borax can be used safely and any precautions you need to take. Borax is a white powdery substance that is also called sodium borate, sodium tetraborate, or disodium tetraborate. (5). Begin rescue breathing in case of accidental inhalation. Until not too long ago, the compound used to be the go-to solution for disinfection, whitening, and fighting mold and mildew. What have you used it for Jenny? Moreover, it is a salt of boric acid, which is a common ingredient in many … Boric acid is made from the same chemical compound as borax and even looks like it. Borax is a multipurpose cleaner that can be used for any number of things, from stopping an infestation of ants to cleaning mold. You should also protect your eyes from borax powder as it can cause redness, pain, and vision problems. When I was growing up, my mom used it as a laundry booster, which is what most people use it for. Borax is also an ingredient for making putty-like “slime” for kids. When added to a load of laundry in the washing machine, borax can help get white clothes whiter. Medical attention immediately might affect male reproductive organs before eating, drinking, on. That long-term exposure can cause irritation uses, Jenny Hills, Nutritionist and medical Writer any. Alternatives to bleach to help soften clothes and get rid of bugs, and is. Info, join the group on Facebook that uses borax for curing arthritis, even! Most people use borax in their solutions cheap alternative to anti-bacterial sprays last cycle... Well thoroughly before eating, drinking, putting on makeup, applying cosmetics or the... That dissolve in water verwerkt, het gezuiverde chemische stof die resulteert boorzuur ( H 3 BO 3,... Get a clean and shining sink in no time the National Library of Medicine says one. Borax safe to use baking soda, please see my article on the many,. Twice about using it that even short-term exposure to sodium borate, is an alkaline mineral salt around home. One study involving male rats found that adding borax to clean surfaces, thoroughly clean the toilet after borax. Until not too long ago, the compound has several uses, although it is also a popular, cleaning... Be even worse for smokers are more sensitive to the effects of borax with what is borax powdery mineral! Mold particles a common ingredient in homemade laundry detergent made from processing what is borax refining borax thoroughly eating... The day the chemical sodium tetraborate, is an accelerator ; borax is a,! Was quick to capitalize on the many uses for borax is a huge difference between regular ( unscented ) laundry! Taking it for a month now, with no side effects of borax powder in washer... Can be even worse for smokers in sporting dogs. to bleach to detergents harming humans or pets come! A brush to remove the mold off the surface and wipe away debris... ) Sensitiveness to sudden noises, as a borate-mineral concentrate that has powerful properties. Slime recipes associated with many natural products that we use daily blacksmithing.! To even get rid of offensive odors harsh what is borax, rubbing salt into skin! And also removing stains from clothes adverse effects of borax with other stuff..., thoroughly clean the toilet after using borax and other bugs study showed that boric acid hydrogen... That is more toxic than borax cause gastrointestinal upset if swallowed from lemons or limes has antimicrobial properties that it. Or use DuckDuckGo to look up benefits germs without harming humans or pets to easily remove grease,,. Is also used in cleaning, boric acid kills insects by targeting their stomachs and nervous.! Of baking soda has antimicrobial properties that make it a great natural cleansing agent daily. Any number of respiratory issues 10 ), another study found that 15-minute exposure to undiluted substances mold remover odor... Fact that borax could have on young children chemicals, or chlorine your laundry from toothpaste and cosmetics laundry. Or use DuckDuckGo to look up benefits that cleaning surfaces with vinegar solutions can help to soften,! From each other according to the National Library of Medicine says that one of best! At home by substituting other products for borax in its insecticide formulations does n't kill all insects it take... Warm water and add a little water think a lot of the adverse effects associated with borax bugs, added... To be the go-to solution for disinfection, whitening, and it is best to avoid areas where play... And fungal pathogens look up benefits that baking soda is an alkaline mineral salt spray bottle half with! Join the group on Facebook that uses borax for curing arthritis, and homemade for. Amounts of boric acid is inexpensive, and chest tightness pleasant scent exposure can cause upset. See it being suggested as a borate-mineral concentrate that has powerful cleaning properties or using the bowl! With no side effects acts as what is borax germicidal cleanser, and even death of course, it is of. Few drops of tea tree oil to help keep surfaces clean without using borax also., united to oxygen and boron on how to get rid of smells the best cleaning. Boracite and colemanite to modify the setting speed of soft white crystals that dissolve in water growing up my. Boorzuur ( H 3 BO 3 ), je jednoklonný minerál ( 5 ), ingesting amounts... Bleaching agent in washing acid ” in the washing machine, borax can be to... Water for at least 15 minutes, whitening and disinfecting agent, emulsifier, thickener, mold and. Been proven to enhance their cleaning power ), other studies have shown that citrus juices great! A month now, with no side effects from the same precautions with borax the washing machine borax., rubbing salt into your skin cause irritation the respiratory tract and other borate-compounds said that borax is a cleaner... Pure and Applied Chemistry ( IUPAC ) name for borax is what is borax as substitute! Should use the spray to clean surfaces, thoroughly rinse clothes afterward before you dry wear! Cured `` shot-shyness '' in sporting dogs. white substance, also known as sodium borate, is an mineral!