Figure 1. Leafy 22 has excellent seeding vigor and late maturity. Using oats to start cattle on proso may be of benefit. Direct Grazing. in 36-inch rows, 15 lbs. Pearl millet and sorghum-sudan hybrids are excellent creep pasture for nursing calves and may be harvested as hay, green chop, or silage. Pasture management research and observation recommends to start grazing millet before boot stage, when it reaches between 18 and 24 inches high, leaving about 10 to 12 inches of residue. Prussic acid toxicity is not present in pearl millet, and it makes high quality forage for beef cattle, dairy cows and sheep. In 2015, high levels of nitrates were reported in many cereal grains such as oats, rye, wheat and barley, among others, as well as some forages such as bromegrass, fescue, sorghum and sudangrass. Per acre seeding rates of 10 lbs. This Agfact will help in making good decisions on crop choice, growing the crop, efficient and safe grazing management, avoiding common pitfalls and making money from forage sorghum and millet. Millet is also available in our Top Crop blends. It is a shorter variety that is commonly planted as a single-cut hay millet. Expect to cut hay 50-55 days after planting. of which will be required for maintenance, the diet's NE value would be: NE = [NE m + (10/8)(NE g)]/[1 + (10/8)] In deciding on the energy system to use, there is no question on NE's theoretical superiority over TDN in … Ample clean drinking water, salt and sulphur blocks should be supplied for cattle when grazing sorghum. A hay conditioner is needed, and extra drying days are required compared to making hay with bermudagrass. Millet can be the sole grain source if maximum gains of 2 pounds a day are desired. Sheep and cattle are more susceptible to poisoning than nonruminant species because microbes in their digestive tract favor the conversion of nitrate to nitrite. Since millet hay is unfamiliar to many buyers, getting the hay tested and having information on feed value and forage quality will be essential to getting full value from selling millet hay. Overly mature Golden German millet is diuretic in nature, while immature Golden German Millet has a laxative effect, and as such is not recommended as the sole roughage for feeding horses. How did they like it? Plant 20-30 lbs. 2. Anyone fed this to their own cattle? Windrow when heads begin emerging from the boots. Millet and Rhodes grass hay $150 plus gst for a pack of 21 small square bales Favourable feedback from clients with horses and cattle. When properly cured pearl millet produces excellent hay. 1. per acre and for best emergence when soil temperatures are 55-60 degrees. Making hay is usually difficult because of the large stems. Moldy Hay “We think the primary way cattle become infected is by breathing into the respiratory system the mold spores that are in the feed,” Hanzlicek says. Hay production does not reduce the level of nitrate within the plant and as such nitrate poisoning can still be seen when feeding hay including canola, millet or sorghum hay. Buy and sell Millet Hay on Farm Tender. Browntop millet can be planted from mid-April until mid-August in most locations, though later plantings will … Dry ... millet, and big bluestem are warm-season species. Overview 1.1 What this notice is about. Have some packs from bottom of stack with slight moisture damage to 7 of the 21 bales reduced to $100 ex gst per pack bottom seven bales probably not suitable for horses Preform well on it? Cool-season fescue is the grass of choice for Missouri beef producers putting up hay for winter feeding beef cattle. One big advantage of Pearl Millet is that it does not produce hydrocyanic acids (like sorghums do), so the poisonous prussic acid does not occur in pearl millet, making it safe for livestock and horses to graze. Browntop typically grows only to 2 - 5 ft tall and produces only 60 - 70% of the dry matter of pearl millet or sorghum x sudan hybrids. The stem is fine and will reach a plant height of approximately 30” given adequate moisture. Eventually, most cattle producers who feed hay will have hay with high nitrates, especially when using millet, sorghum, oat or other cereal-based hays. Major advantages of pearl millet as a summer annual forage: 1. Based on research trials, the following guidelines have been developed for laboratories that analyze for nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N): Reported on 100 percent dry matter basis: NO3-N, ppm Comment <350 Generally safe for all conditions and livestock 350-1130. Silage Production Summary. - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I was looking through the seed catalog the other night and German Foxtail millet caught my eye. cattle are expected to eat 18 lbs. Cattle grazing standing pearl millet in the dry season made an average liveweight gain of 269 kg/ha over 16 weeks during a period when animals grazing natural pasture lost weight Typical hay yields range from 1.5 to 2.5 tons/acre, but it is also earlier maturing and dries quickly. What are considered safe nitrate levels in hay to be fed to beef cows? But two years of drought have now put fescue hay in short supply, driving producers to find winter forage from alternate feedstuffs like baled pearl millet, sudangrass, and drought-stricken corn. Management: Tifleaf 3 can be planted when soil temperates are above 70 degrees. Pearl millet - flowering stage. Japanese Millet is a warm-season annual grass commonly grown for forage. Poisoning is usually associated with animals ingesting forage or feed witha high nitrate content. Limit millet to approximately 50 percent of the ration if gains of 2.7 to 3 pounds are desired. High forage quality. CattleToday.com! Just as teff has found some high-end markets for horse hay, it may be possible to custom market selected millet species for particular forage markets. Further and more detailed information can be found on the Millet and sorghum fact sheet produced as part of the 3030 Project. CattleToday's Q & A Boards are a Cattle Forum for swapping information and asking and answering questions about breed, health problems, beginners questions and jokes about cattle … Millet can be used for grazing, hay, silage or green-chop. Seed cost is also usually less for foxtail millet. The fast growing versatile forage provides forage for grazing, hay and silage. Some farmers keep sheep and cattle together when feeding hay, so the sheep can eat the finer leaves that cattle waste. The Pearl Millet is perfect used for hay, pasture and silage for feeding cattle, horses, goats and other livestock. Excellent regrowth potential when good moisture and nitrogen levels are available. At Katherine NT wet season grazing by beef cattle at a stocking rate of 2.5 beasts/ha produced a liveweight gain of 102 kg per head in 20-24 weeks. Allow livestock to graze it down to 10-15 cm then remove. Foxtail Millet. Animal performance during … Millet can be used for grazing, hay, silage or green-chop. Cows and calves were fed either pearl millet or sorghum-sudangrass baleage, or Tifton 85 bermudagrass hay during a 50-day feeding trial. It can be grazed within 6 weeks of emergence depending on rainfall; it is palatable to sheep and cattle and is completely free of prussic acid, which occurs in forage sorghums. Im considering planting 10-15 acres this year to see what happens. Nitrate poisoning can occur commonly in cattle raised in North Dakota and other areas of the western Great Plains. Testing hay is important to understand mold levels. When fed on dry, well-sodded, snow covered or frozen ground, however, sheep will clean up fine hay better than cattle because of their smaller mouths and ability to pick up the leaves. It grows up to 5’ tall and has a slightly coarser stem than other hay millets. Forage harvests generally followed a four-week regrowth interval during the growing season. Th e bulk of hay for beef cattle is stored in large round bales outside with minimum protection from weathering losses. For example, if 700-lb. More information is available on the Millet and sorghum fact sheet. Caring for Your Pastures 100 90 80 70 60 50 Spring-Sell at Weaning Tons of 15% MC Forage Tons of 15% MC Forage Tons of J … This notice cancels and replaces Notice 701/15 (March 2002). Leafier millets have higher protein content making better quality hay and grazing. It also displays good regrowth persistence in a multi-cut haying or grazing scenario. The Pearl Millet is a very tall grass that can reach to be 15 feet tall that is used as a multiple cut forage grass and green manure. Leafy 22 is a shorter, leafier hybrid than most others hybrids. It is extremely quick growing and can be ready to cut for hay within 50 days of planting. This grass is high in protein, digestible and free of prussic acid. Nitrates can be a big concern when feeding cereal forages and cereal grains to livestock, particularly when cereal grains are being harvested as hay. Siberian Millet is a warm-season annual grass and a foxtail type millet. Browse Latest Millet Hay, Millet silage, Organic Millet Hay, Wheaten straw listings & more or Post a listing for of DM, 8 lbs. Leafy 22 Hybrid Pearl Millet - Leafy 22 is a improved hybrid Pearl Millet variety used mainly for cattle forage and hay production during the warm season. This is an improved hybrid pearl millet with excellent leaf to stem ratio. The great value of millet lies in its fast grownig habit providing quick feed during the hot dry months of January to March. High drought tolerance. Millet is a highly productive summer leafy forage crop that grows when you need it in summer. Millet may be a laxative when starting cattle on feed. As a result, it is occasionally used for grazing or hay production. Varying guidelines exist on the level of nitrate that can be fed safely. Pennleaf brand pearl millet is a hybrid warm season forage grass used for grazing live stock and horses. The fermentation that occurs during silage production decreases the level of nitrates within the forage but it is still a good idea to do a test prior to feeding it out. This pearl millet should be rotationally grazed with grazing stopped when plants reach 8-10 inches. If producers are feeding moldy hay, they can try to dilute the mold in the hay by mixing it with non-moldy hay in a mixer wagon. No prussic acid production. Nitrate toxicity is a function of the amount and rate of nitrate consumption. But livestock losses do not need to occur if the hay is properly managed and fed. 3. Siberian Millet is the fastest maturing hay millet and will reach maturity about a week earlier than German or White Wonder Millet. Detail. If managed properly you will get high leaf yield per acre. In advanced maturity, the heads of Golden German millet develop sharp bristles that may cause lump jaw and sore eyes in cattle feeding from bunks or bales. Pearl millet has good nutritive values (60 – 65 % digestible and 14 – 18% crude protein) if grazed when 12 – 24 inches tall. Lawrence has excellent regrowth potential due to its tillering responses to defoliation. 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