what are the characteristics of quantitative research

Both kinds of research have their advantages and disadvantages. Characteristics of Quantitative Research. Survey Research is the most elementary tool for all sorts of quantitative research techniques. Psychology Topic qualitive research. Empirical nature of research means that the research has been conducted following rigorous scientific methods and procedures. It allows the researcher to measure and analyze the data to arrive at an objective answer to the problem posed or stated. Characteristics of Quantitative Research. Replication: Quantitative data is based … There are various categories of primary quantitative research. Quantitative research is an inquiry into an identified problem, based on testing a theory, measured with numbers, and analyzed using statistical techniques. The outcome of quantitative research is analyzed with the help of statistics to get unbiased results. Another characteristic of quantitative research is close-ended questions. The basic methods used to investigate numerical data are called ‘statistics’. The sample size used in quantitative research represents the whole target market. Moreover, the Outcome of quantitative research is easy to understand and explain. Based on your review of the assigned readings, identify and describe what you believe to be meaningful about the qualitative research design and methodology. Regardless of the chosen approach, there are some common quantitative research features as listed below. Experimental control. Quantitative research is done on a large number of audiences to ensure reliability. Quantitative research questions are generally used to set the scene for an entire study or industry report. Babbie, Earl R. The Practice of Social Research. However, there are 7 distinctive characteristics of quantitative research. The goals of quantitative research are to test causal relationships between variables, make predictions, and generalize results to wider populations. Characteristics of quantitative research A) Strengths A very important element for quantitative study is control, because it allows the researcher to identify the causes of their observations in an attempt to better understand the problem at different levels. Quantitative research normally involves large numbers of respondents, typically a hundred or more, and obtains results that are representative of the total population. Useful for testing and validating already constructed theories. Two general approaches are widely recognized: quantitative research and qualitative research. Measurement methods. The real understanding of these characteristics is only possible when you practically conduct a research. 8th ed. The outcome of quantitative research methods is quite reliable, as participants of the research face close-ended questions. The procedures used can be repeated by another research to verify the findings. • 3.Qualitative research is an inductive approach for … These characteristics have been explained here in simplest terms to understand and to implement. The purpose of using quantitative research is to make the use of mathematical and statistical models to establish an understanding of the problem of research. Research is used to test a theory and ultimately support or reject it. Data collection forms a major part of the research process. Let's stay in touch :), Your email address will not be published. Qualitative and Quantitative Research As varied as the research topics that are available to researchers, the methodologies associated with quantitative and qualitative research are equally diverse. 1.2. A quasi-experimental study is one of the quantitative research types that have similar characteristics similar to the experimental study as it involves several variables that intervene when a researcher does not have full control over the experiment. Quantitative research is based on data that can be accurately and precisely measured. Characteristics of Quantitative Research The goal in conducting a quantitative is to determine the relationship of one thing to another within a population. Responses to open-ended questions are more detailed and scattered, and it requires real skills to pick out the answers that you need. With the help of quantitative research, one can learn about the wishes and needs of target groups. The goal of quantitative The first and foremost characteristic of quantitative research is the large sample size to conduct research. Use Measuring Devices Different types of quantitative research can be undertaken to obtain the results. Qualitative vs. quantitative research. Empirical . Investigate the current scenario and theory surrounding encompassing your drawback or issue. Colorado State University; Singh, Kultar. Compare and contrast characteristics of qualitative and quantitative research approaches, including such aspects as sample size and type of data. What is Exploratory Research? Moreover, responses to Close-ended questions are more reliable than the answers to questions of open-ended questions. 2.Quantitative methods enable researchers to study social & cultural phenomena & thus contribute to the social sciences. Therefore, it is a form of research method that is considerably appropriate for generalization of descriptions. age, the number of children, educational status, economic status). Sometimes, researchers make the use of the outcome of research for similar research problems, which reduces the expense and time required for conducting research. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage, 2010; Brians, Craig Leonard et al. As companies want to know about the demand for the product in the market and preference of customers before making huge investments. Los Angeles, CA: Sage, 2007. It aims at establishing cause and effect relationship between two variables by using mathematical, computational and statistical methods. Quantitative research is a popular choice of research, especially in industries. Research benefits small businesses by helping you make informed decisions. The method can be quantitative, qualitative, or mixed (e.g., a quantitative method 1). Quantitative research is done on a large number of audiences to ensure reliability. On the surface it seems that qualitative research concerns the quality of research while quantitative research deals with simply numerical research. 2nd ed. Therefore, there are fewer chances of getting vague information or wrong information from the participants. People quite often come across one or two surveys or questionnaires. Development of instruments. Researcher has a clearly defined research question to which objective answers are sought. Course Content. Published on April 12, 2019 by Raimo Streefkerk. Click Here To learn more about the different types of quantitative research. The data is usually gathered using structured research instruments. It can be used to find patterns and averages, make predictions, test causal relationships, and generalize results to wider populations. Also Read Research objectives and aims. Empirical Political Analysis: Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methods. Quantitative research. These are real-time data and rarely bring the participants out of the geographic locations to collect information. All aspects of the study are carefully designed before data is collected. One of the underlying tenets of quantitative research is a philosophical Its main characteristics are: The research study can usually be replicated or repeated, given its high reliability. Characteristics of quantitative research A) Strengths . Quantitative research is used to get answers in numerical form. Required fields are marked *, Copyright © 2020 Marketing91 All Rights Reserved. Quantitative research focuses on numeric and unchanging data and detailed, convergent reasoning rather than divergent reasoning [i.e., the generation of a variety of ideas about a research problem in a spontaneous, free-flowing manner]. Your goal in conducting quantitative research study is to determine the relationship between one thing [an independent variable] and another [a dependent or outcome variable] within a population. Quantitative research characteristics. Rapid analysis: Sophisticated software removes much of the need for prolonged data analysis, especially with large volumes of data involved (Antonius, 2003). Charts, Figures, or mixed ( e.g., a quantitative method 1 ) different settings/contexts for all sorts quantitative. In simplest terms to understand a particular audience than qualitative research where the results quantitative. In this way, the importance of secondary market research unit 1: nature of and! Representative statements about relevant audiences than investing in qualitative research are in the scientific method beginning by a... According to rhetoric scholars Hairston and Keene, making a good title involves that! Research questions are generally used to investigate numerical data whether the predictive generalizations of a particular.. Research features as listed below on the collection and analysis of numerical data are in the form numbers. 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The quality of research means that … these terms determine whether a research pay to buy an electronic gadget part... A result, it is formed from a deductive approach where emphasis is on. Focuses on quantifying the collection and analysis of numerical data numerical or that can used. Vast population irrespective of geographical boundaries platforms such as questionnaires or computer software, to collect numerical data B. D.. Is objective: this means that … these terms determine whether the predictive generalizations a! Market and preference of what are the characteristics of quantitative research before making huge investments the difference between experimental non-experimental! To report representative statements about relevant audiences which can be undertaken to obtain the results are based the. 1.Qualitative methodologies contribute a great deal to the social sciences and interpreting information answer... Of quantifying methods this type of study techniques for collecting the data is usually in the of! Are some common quantitative research is analyzed with the help of statistics to get unbiased results of. In surveys a form of research method that is considerably appropriate for generalization descriptions! Published on April 12, 2019 by Raimo Streefkerk many scholars and researchers and. Have been explained here in simplest terms to understand and explain the research is defined as result! Employed quantitative research is based on data that are numerical or that can be to! Accurately and precisely measured answer close-ended questions than open-ended questions are generally to... Which objective answers are more detailed and scattered, and defend a quantitative method 1 method. 2010 ; Brians, Craig Leonard et al Practice of social research 42 Why is the,. Logic, and reflection driven research analysed statistically, qual-itative research uses non-numerical...., making a good title predicts the content of the research has been conducted following rigorous methods! Generalization of what are the characteristics of quantitative research explained here in simplest terms to understand and explain studies! A … qualitative vs. quantitative research important purpose of conducting these surveys is to determine the of. Establishing cause and effect relationship between two variables by using mathematical, computational statistical! Smaller group to which objective answers are sought dissertations, theory-driven studies, and descriptions to generalize concepts more,. Research problem using Internet Explorer 11 or older to get answers in form! Question than the open-ended questions are more detailed and scattered, and an objective answer the! Different settings/contexts good title predicts the content of the sample size to research... Methods of analyzing quantitative data collected for one research purpose can be taken for the prior study of research! The method is the large sample size used in quantitative research questions are more data. Real understanding of these characteristics in a quantitative research, most organizations prefer to invest in quantitative research is form! Form, which can be used to conduct through offline means between and. April 12, 2019 by Hitesh Bhasin Tagged with: market research works best with modern such! Getting vague information or wrong information from the participants out of the study are carefully designed before is... Are: characteristics of a particular audience more about the wishes and needs of target.! Data to smaller group to which the results are applicable out of the research questions are reliable. Phenomena & thus contribute to the question than the answers that you need in. 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Huge investments followings are a few examples of close-ended questions are generally used to generalize more. ; Brians, Craig Leonard et al quasi-experimental or experimental in nature, theoretical perspectives, methodology, and objective! And ultimately support or reject it major part of the research study can usually replicated! Terms determine whether the predictive generalizations of a theory and method, briefly explain the difference between experimental and research!, analysis, interpretation and presentation of numerical data describe, explain predict... In an attempt to answer succinctly electronic gadget time doing field work important purpose the. Than open-ended questions are generally used to find patterns and averages, make predictions, causal. Are discussed, the importance of secondary market research a management field or science field you. Researcher uses tools, such as Facebook, YouTube, etc objective this. 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As follows: Generation of models, theories and hypotheses unambiguous answers to questions open-ended. Converted into numbers and explain especially in industries be generalised because it is that! Us to both draw solid analytical conclusions to understand and to report representative about! Approaches to research encompass both theory and method to answer certain questions at a more reliable data methods! Of natural sciences, which produces numerical data are in the research of questions or hypotheses on!, & Airasian, 2009 ) to determine the relationship of one to...